The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The declaration on the relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the political declaration, is a non-binding declaration that was negotiated and signed with the mandatory and broader withdrawal agreement related to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit , and at the expected end of the transition period. 23.Protection of certain rights, guarantees, etc. in the Belfast Agreement The European Commission and the IMA are accountable annually for the implementation and application of citizens` rights provisions in the VA, including the number and nature of complaints received. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286.
On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The first (Amendment 1) concerns the residence rights of EU citizens. MEPs voted by 269 votes in favour and 229 against, resulting in the amendment.
The rights of those who alternate between the UK and the EU after the end of the transition period will be the subject of future negotiations – the political declaration sets out the broad framework agreed by Britain and the EU for future mobility agreements. The law provides for legislation relating to the withdrawal agreement, the EEA-EFTA separation agreement and the agreement on the rights of Swiss citizens who are collectively “agreements”. When implementing these agreements, the law protects the rights of EU and EEA citizens, as well as Swiss citizens who live and work in the UK. The bill also provides for legislation for a period of transposition during which EU legislation will continue to apply. This will provide continuity and security for individuals and businesses. In order to enable the United Kingdom to meet its international obligations under negotiated financial equalization, the Act creates a financial authority. There is also a provision on the transposition into national law of the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland in the bill.